Hardwood Floor & Surface Pre-Treatments & Stains

Hardwood Floor & Surface Pre-Treatments & Stains

There are various techniques and products that can be used to treat and stain the hardwood before the top coat is applied. Some of these methods may go unnoticed when looking at the final outcome but can play an integral part in reaching that point. Every phase of the manufacturing process serves a purpose, and this step is no different. The final color (and the variations that occur), the pop of the grain, among additional features, can be controlled and perfected during this stage.

Bleach & Water Treatments

Bleach treatments are used to help even out the color of the wood, ridding it of any discoloration that can naturally occur as the tree grows.

Water treatments help open the pores and grain of the hardwood, allowing it to absorb more of the stain. This allows for richer colors, especially on species that can be difficult to tint.

Water-Based Stains

Water-based stains tend to have high-quality pigments that provide rich and dark colors. Since water-based stains dry fast, it can cause difficulty when trying to apply them evenly over large areas.

Aniline Dyes

These pigmented stains allow for an attractive finish. Aniline dyes are synthetic and produce stunning, clear colors. When used properly, they will enhance the look of the grain and add depth. On a side note, aniline helped pave the way for medical breakthroughs, including advancements in chemotherapy and antibiotics.


This is a technique that helps bring out the details and character of the grain in a piece of wood. Developed in the 1500s, this method usually involves using two distinct colors. A light color enhances the grain and creates a strong contrast against the dark staining of the wood. Usually a wire brush is used to open up the wood grain, allowing it to accept the highlight color.


A finishing method that brings out the grain and darkens the wood. This process involves exposing the hardwood to strong fumes from ammonium hydroxide, causing a reaction with the tannins in the wood. Although this process can be used on many species, white oak works the best because of its high tannin content.

Specialty Branded Pre-Treatments

We have developed other techniques to create unique and creative designs, patterns and colors. Some of the choices in The Portfolio already take advantage of these methods. However, if there is a certain look or feel that you are going after, we will use our magical touch to make your dreams come true.